Firstly, let me introduce myself… My name is GEDE SUYASA and most people just call me GEDE which is pronounced like the English greeting ‘G’day’. With this blog,
We offer my clients personally customised tours with each itinerary especially designed to your interests and tastes.
Whether it is sightseeing, culture, art, shopping or just cruising around Bali exploring parts of the island you have never seen, I am happy to ensure your journey is relaxing and comfortable for your needs.
Bali isn't only about beautiful beaches and sunset cocktails. This paradise island is home to stunning waterfalls,looking for some incredible natural beauty or looking for an adrenaline packed day in Bali,here is list waterfall for you :
Aling Aling waterfall in the north of Bali is an adventure heaven. There are a lot of waterfalls in Bali but the Aling Aling Waterfall Tour involves some serious cliff jumping and natural slides. It’s one of the few places in Bali where you can do some serious cliff jumping.
Banyumala Waterfall is one of the lesser known waterfalls in Bali. It is located north of Lake Buyan in northcentral Bali. Unlike many trails this is a completely natural trail and rarely hiked trail. Just past the waterfall is a water curtain of various trickles of water down a wall of lush rocks.
Tibumana waterfall is a beautiful hidden paradise and just up the river from the much more touristic falls of Reng Reng. Mainly visited by locals, this waterfall is generally quiet as it is a 5 minute drive off the main road and then a 5-10 minute walk to the falls themselves
Tukad Cepung Waterfall has mesmerized everyone who have managed to spot it. Well-guarded by the cliffs, this waterfall is difficult to locate for the first time visitor. A few hundred stairs down the cliff is worth the effort once you arrive at the destination. The circular cliffs give you the feeling of being in a cave, while the open sky right from where the waterfall emerges, gives you the most enchanting view. The sunlight falls on the glistering waterfall creating a rainbow, which feels as though it is projected right up to you. If you have never seen water flowing from the sky, then this would be your chance. Unlike any other waterfalls in Bali, Tukad Cepung Waterfall does not flow into a river, stream or jungle, but it flows gently down the cliffs. The river can be seen from up above, meanwhile the waterfall can only be viewed once you walk down the stairs and into the cliff.
Tegenungan Waterfall is one for nature lovers who happen to be staying in Ubud or have neighbouring Sukawati among their tour itineraries. The falls are conveniently located halfway between Ubud and Bali’s provincial capital of Denpasar, and is considered the closest natural attraction of its kind that you can reach within only a half-hour transfer southeast from Ubud town. Getting to the falls is a pleasant drive down paved village roads lined with stretches of green rice fields on both sides.
Sekumpul Waterfall is one of Bali’s most scenic natural attractions. The waterfall is actually a cluster of six to seven narrow cascades that form the centrepiece of a lush green bamboo forested valley. You can reach the falls on a nature trek through the namesake village of Sekumpul, which is located in upland region of the Buleleng regency in North Bali.
There are so many monkey forest in Bali,with same type of monkey Balinese long tail monkey,in English callled Macaque.There are about 600 monkeys living this monkey forest,and diveded into 5 groups: in front of themain temple.Michelin,eastern,central and cemeteries.Each group consist of 100-120 monkeys.because of the considerable population,the confilct between groups of monkey cannot avoid.This type of primate is active during the day ana rest at night.The pregnancies of female monkey are about 6 months and generally 1 infant is born.Very rarely are twin. Monkey's baby stays with their mother for about 10 months and thereafter will be weaned to live independently.
The long tailed monkeys are omnivores.In the Monkey Forest,the main food of the monkeys is sweet potato,given 3 times a day and combine in daily with : banana,papaya leaf,corn,cucumber,coconut,and other local fruit.
Ubud monkey forest is maintance very well with friendly monkey,very clean with large parking,with new lobby and gate with for entrance,it's look wonderfull.There is short track with wooden ,It's feel walk like in the junggle with green tree and monkey jumping from one tree to the othe tree.They very cute speacially baby monkey but Don,t try to touch the baby monkey,their mother or group will be very angry and they will attack you.For your safety and convenience please read and follow the " Monkey Forest Tips " that had been placed around the area.if you bring a bag ( plastic or paper ) or plastic bottle,suggest you to entrust and left at ticket counter.
There are tree temple in the area of the Sacred Monkey Forest Santuary :
Pura Dalem Agung ( The main Temple ),located in the southwest area.In this temple,people worship to the God 9 Hyang Widhi ) in personification as Shiwa. The Recycler or The Transformer "
In the northwest area,you will find Pura Biji ( Biji Temple ).In this temple people worship to the God ( Hyang Widhi ) in personification as teh goddess Gangga.This temple is a place of purifacation before conducting the ceremony (piodalan ).Pura Beji is often used for " melukat " as spiritual and physical cleansing .
The third temple is Pura Prajapati.This temple is located in the northwest area.This temple is adjacent to the cemetery.In this temple Hindus worship to the God (HYnag Widhi ) in personification as Prajapati.The cemetery is used temporarily,while waiting for the day of the mass cremation which is held every 5 years.
Ubud MOnkey Forest Open Daily from 8.30 am -6.00 pm
Tibumana Waterfall referred to by locals as Air Terjun Tibumana is one of the most beautiful hidden waterfalls in Bali, which located in Bangli region.Tibumana derived from the word ‘tibu’, which means a deep riverbed or plunge pool. This can be spotted from the extensively deep plunge pool of the waterfall.It is a true hidden gem, and definitely highly recommended for those want to enjoy beautiful scenery, cool breeze atmosphere, peace and tranquility. So whether you’re looking to cool off for the day, or fancy an adventure, you should definitely add Tibumana Waterfall to your travel list.
What to Expect at Tibumana Waterfall
Tibumana Waterfall has existed since thousands of years ago. However, its existence is quite isolated, making itself sound mediocre.
Passing charming villages, the roads narrow and the picturesque landscape changes to green and more green. Rice fields, coconut palms, banana trees and temples.
It’s an awesome drive and one that will make you feel like you’ve found the Bali of 20 years ago.
Do pack your swimsuit and extra clothes and take a refreshing swim in the waterfall and reinvigorate your senses.
And be sure not to forget to bring your camera to capture all these beautiful moments.
The water is no more than 6 feet deep, so diving is not an option. You can stand right underneath the waterfall and let the hydro pressure do wonders for your body pains and stress relief.
This is basically a story about the struggle between good and evil.Good is personified by the Barong Keket,a strange fun-loving creature in the shape of shaggy semi-lion.Evil is represented by Rangda,a witch.Ultimately,the two characters engage in battle, at which pont the Barong's keris-bearing followers rush in to attack Rangda.The witch,however use her magical powers to turn the keris knives in upon their owners,who fall into a trance and start trying to stab themselves.The Barong uses magic to protect his followers from the knives.In the end,The Barong triumphs and Rangda retreats to recuperate her strenght for next encounter.All that remains is for a priest to help the keris dancers out of their trance,with the help of a little holy water.The Barong and Rangda dance is a very powerful performance and is not taken lightly by those involved.
The Dance start with music over tone
Followed by his friend the monkey,the tiger comes up. Three masked-dancers appear,representing men making palm wine in the forest,which child is killed by the tiger.the tree men get angry and attack the tiger.The tiger is helpedby the monkey.During the fight the nose of one the tree men is bitten off.
Act. 1 Two girl-dancers appear,representing the servants of the Rangda,looking for the servants of Dewi Kunti who are on their way to meet their Patih (Prime Minister)
Act. 2 Two servants of Dewi Kunti showing.One of the servants of the Rangda changes into a witch and enters both servants to make them angry.They meet their patih and go together to Dewi Kunti.
Act. 3 Dewi Kunti and her son Sadea come up.Dewi Kunti has promised the Rangda to sacrifice Sadewa.A witch appears and enters Dewi Kunti.She becomes angry and orders the Patih to bring Sadewa into the forest.the patih is also entered by a witch so he does noy have a pity on Sadewa.Sadewa is taken into a forest and tied up into a tree.
Act. 4 Unknown by Rangda,Siwa and God appears and gives sadewa immortality.The Rangda appears ready to kill Sadewa and eat him up but Sadewa is still alive.Rangda then surrenders and ask Sadewa to redeem herself,Sadewa agrees and kills the Rangda.Rangda goes into heaven.
Act. 5 One of the servants of the Rangda called kalika come up before Sadewa and asks him to redeem herself too,Sadewa refuses.Kalika get angry,and changes herself into an boar and fights Sadewa .The boar is defeated.The she changes herself into a bird but is defeated again.At last she changes herself into s rangda.Sadewa meditates and then he changes into a Barong.Still the Rangda seems to be too powerful and fight is undended.Followers of the barong appear and help him fight the Rangda
It is stretch from the foothill of the rainforest of Batukaru to the south coast.The name Jatiluwih originally mean "sangat indah "in Indonesia or really marvelous.It is deserve the name as long the way you will be amazed with the real part of Bali,the wonderful of true Balinese ambience,paddies harvesting,the flock of the duck,water buffaloes,farm houses,all that images to remember Bali in your heart.
The rice terrace are the most magnificent and striking features of the landscape.When you are lukcy to see the Balinese working on rice planting or harvesting,you will be welcome to join the activities,just to taste a little bit their fascinating life.
Along the way,you can observe many tropical fruits and vegetations.There is also a good restaurant for you,with off course the background of Jatiluwih rice terrace and the sacred rain forest Batukaru in a distance.
JATILUWIH RICE TERRACE
Jatiluwih a favorite tourist destination in Bali famous with the beautiful rice terrace unfolding from the foot of mountain until the coastal side.It is one of places to viisti in bali with the beautiful view as according to its name from jati and luwih,where "Jati" mean reakky and "Luwih" meaning especila,good,and beautiful or the equivalent.The local paddies are planted in this palce look typical of teh high relative size plant if it is compared with other pre-eminet paddy planted by most farmers in Bali.Despitefully ,Jatiluwih also famous with its organic agriculture system due to the location is located in the in the plateu of Watukaru mount which is suitable for the agriculture development.Jatiluwih is surrounded by cool atmosphere because it is located in the height of 700 meters above the sea level.Besides its nature potency,Jatiluwih is also saving the cultural potency,especially history of the Petali Temple existence that is related to the power of Ida Dalme Waturenggong King in Keraton Gelgel (1460-1552).The distance from denpasra to Jatiluwih is about 48 km and it is situated in upstate of Tabanan town (28km)
A visit to the dramatic island of Bali will not be complete without watching some of the most captivating traditional performances the island has to offer. Aside from Barong and Janger Dances, another dazzling performance you definitely don’t want to miss is the traditional Kecak Dance, one of Balinese artistic masterpieces in the form of a dance and musical drama.
Held in the open air at sunset , usually above a cliff facing the sea, the drama depends entirely on the natural light of day. Starting at dusk, the story continues into the dark, when only light comes only from flickering bamboo torches.
What makes this dance particularly unique is that the drama uses no artificial backdrop, involving no musical instrument. The focus is entirely on the concentric circles of about 50-60 men, bare-chested, wearing only distinct Balinese sarongs sitting cross-legged around a set of torches in the center.
Instead of the traditional “gamelan” orchestra which usually accompanies other Balinese traditional performances, the Kecak is simply accompanied by the chanting of the chorus of men representing an army of monkeys continuously intoning “Cak! Cak! Cak!” or “Keh-Chak" in polyrhythmic sounds during almost the entire performance. This amazing human voiced orchestra is led by a soloist, who is in charge of indicating the high and low notes, and also acts as narrator. The effect, after a while, is to provide a wall of dramatic sound against which the action of the play is enacted.
The performance relates the shorter version of the epic Ramayana Saga with dancers playing as Rama, Shinta (Sita), Lakshmana, Rahwana (Ravana), Hanoman (Hanuman), Sugriwa (Sugriva), and other characters. The storyline starts when Prince Rama wanders into the woods with his wife Shinta and brother Lakshmana. There, the giant Rahwana kidnaps Shinta and holds her in his palace. Rama then seeks help and sends Lakhsmana to find his friend Sugriwa, the King of the Monkey Kingdom. Sugriwa sends his commander the white monkey, by the name of Hanoman, to check on Shinta in Rahwana’s Palace.
Sangeh Village,located about 25 km from Denpasar,can be reached within 30 minutes.This area is situated in Sangeh Village,Abiansemal Sub-District,Badung regency.
This Sangeh Forest or sometimes called as Nutmeg Forest is known for its 13 hectares of forets dominates by nutmeg trees and majority of its inhabitants are long-tailed gray apes (Macaca fascicularis )
Based on the mythology,the name of Sangeh consists of two words,namely " Sang " menaing " Man " and "Ngeh " meaning "See ".So Sangeh can be interpreted as a person who " See ".Accoridng to the legend,the forest which is now called Sangeh occured when a princess of the Gods from Mount Agung wanted to move to Mengwi.In the evening the nutmeg forest also wlaked to accompany the Goddes.However on their way,there were people who looked at their movement,then the forest stopped there up to the present.The Goddess then is referred to as having her shrine at Bukit Sari Temple,the temple in the middle of Sangeh Forest while her warriors were cursed into the monkeys who remained faithful to accompany the Goddess in the forest.
Entering this area ,at the Candi Bentar ( the gate ),there is a large of a giant knight,namely,Kumbakarna being attacked by dozens of apes.Thee Statue depicts the story of Ramayana puppet which is very well known in Bali.Around Kumbarna status there are two lion statues.There is a small temple called Melanting Temple in the middle of forest area and large tmple called Pucak sari Temple.At the end of the path to the exit way ,there is a giant sacred nutmeg tree.
These trees have uniqueness and they are called as Lanang and Wadon trees ( male-female trees ) These threes named so,because the nutmeg trees are shaped like male and femalen genital mutually side by side.The Miracle of those trees constitutes an intersting uniqueness in tourist area of Sangeh.
Kerta gosa was a building/place for solving problem concerning with security,prosperity,and justice of the kingdom of Bali.It was not known exactly who was the founder,but according to Candra Sengkela( a way of writing the year by using picture of animal of plant which represents certain figures),it had been in exist in the year of Caka 1622 or around the year of 1700 AD,when Dewa Agung Jambe governed the Kingdom of Semapura.Kerta Gosa was used to held a meeting by the regional kings throughout Bali where Hisa Excellecy The King of KLungkung gave his direction and decision concerning problem in accordance with the needs and the situation of the Kingdom of Bali.In April 28,1908,when Dutch’s soldier came to Klungkung,the Kingdom of Klungkung was conquered by the Dutch’s soldier.Since then ,klungkung was ruled by the Dutch and functioned as a court of justice.
The Floating House-Taman Gili Taman Gili at the left side of Kerta Gosa."Gili" is a piec of land in the middle of pond.Taman Gili is a garden in the middle of a pond>It is also known as Nalllle Kambang which means floating house and it is as old as Kerta Gosa.To the west of these two building there stand a main gate known as Pemedal Agung the main entrance of the Royal Palace.The three historical bulidings are located in one area in the heart of SemarapuraTown,40 km from Denpasar to the east,it would take one hour driving from Denpasar.The carvingtaht adorn the three building higly fascinating.Besides on the ceiling of Court Hall and the Floating Hall are decorated with "Kamasan " traditional paintings.The Floating House-Taman Gili:different from that we seetoday.During the period of the Balinese Kingdom,it is small lower and it did not have as many as pillars as it does today.It was fuctioned as the King guard's headquarter.The Dutch restored this building and change it into its present form.The ceiling of the Balai Kambang is decorated " Wayang "picture
In the west part of the Kerta Gosa ( the Court Hall ) and the floating Hall is standing a museum which is called the Semarajaya Museum.It is in one area with the amazing " Pemedal Agung ".Pre-historic and historic articles,especially those taht wer used in the period of Klungkung heroic battle and Masterpiece of Klungkung handicrafts are stored in this mesuem.Built in Balinese archictur in the shape of " LIngga Yoni ' wth hem which is to be found the statue of the King that perished in the " Puputan " and illustrated with diorama narrating the proceeding of the "Puputan "
In addition to knowledge about the original of the fruit that grows in tropical area ,we will provide you the following additionalinfromation regarding the origin and how the fruit grom and flourish in the tropical area,In this description we will get a lot of information about fruits such as :
CACAO Cacao(Theobroma cacao) ( Mayan:Kakaw,Nahuatl),or the cocoa plant,is a small ( 4-8m or 15-26 fit tall) evergreen tree in the family Sterculiaceae(alternatively Malvaceae),native to the deep tropical region of teh America.There are two prominent competing hypotheses about the origins of the original wild Theobroma cacao tree.
One is that wild exaples were originallay distributed from southeastern Mexico to teh Amazon basin,with domestication taking place both in the Lacandon area of Mexico and in lowland South America.But recent studies of Theobroma cacao genetics seem to show that the plant originated in the Amazon and was distributes by humans throughout Centarl America and Mesoamerica.Its seeds are used to make cocoa and chocolate.
The tree is today found growing wilt in the low foothills of teh Andes at elevations of around 200-400m (650-1300 ft ) in the Amazon and Orinoco river basins.It requires a humid climate with regular rainfall and good soil.It is an under story trree,growing best with some overhead shade.The leaves are alternate,entire,unlobed,10-40cm(4-16in ) long and 5-20cm ( 2-8in)board.
Coffee Cofffee is a widely-consumed stimulant beverage prepared from roasted seeds,commonly called coffee beans,of the coffeeplant.Coffee was first consumed in the 9th century,when it was discovered in the highlands of Ethiopia.From there,it spread to Egypt and Yemen,and by the 15th century"had reached Armenia,Persia,Turkey,and northern Africa.From the Muslim world,coffee spread to Italy,tehn to the rest of Europe,Indonesia and the Americas.Today,coffee is one of the most popular beverages worldwide.Coffee berries,which contain the coffee bean,are produced by several species of small evergreen bush of the genus coffee.The two most commonly grown species are Coffee canephor ( also known as coffee Robusta ) and Coffee Arabica.These are cultivated in Latin America,Southeast Asia,and Africa.Once ripe,coffee berries are picked,processed,and dried.The seeds are then roasted,undergoing several physical and chimical changes.They are roasted to varying degrees,depending on the desired flavor.They are then groun abd brewed to creae coffee.Coffee can be prepare and presented in a variety of ways.
Coffee has played an importan role in many societies throuhout modern history.In Africa and Yemen,it was used in religious ceremonies.As a result,the Ethiopian Church banned its consumption until the reign of Emperor Manlike II of Ethiopia.It was banned in Ottoman Turkey in the 17th century for political reasons,and was associated with rebellious political activitiesin Europe.Coffee is an important export commodity.In 2004,coffee was the top agricultural export for 12 countries,and in 2005,it was the worlds seventh largest legal agricultiral export by value.
Some controversy is associated with coffee cultivation and its impact on the environment.Many studies have examined the relationship between coffee consumpyion and certain medical condotions; whether the effects of coffee are positive or negative is still disputed.
The Durian is the fruit of trees from the genus Durio belonging to the Malvaceae,a large family which includes hibiscus,okra,cotton,mallows,and linden trees.Widely known and revered in the Southeast Asia as the "King Of Fruits ",the fruit is distinctive for its large size ,unique odor,and formidable thorn-covered husk.The fruit can grom up to 30 centimeters(12in)lond and 14 centimeters(6in)in diameter,and typically weighs one of four kilograms(2to7lb).Its shape ranges from oblong to round,the color of its husk green to brown,and its flesh paleyellow to red,depending on the species
The edible flesh emits a distinctive odor,strong and penetrating even when the husk is intact.Regarded by some as fragrant,others as overpowerring and offensive,the smell evokes reactions from deep appreciation to intense disgust.The odor has led ti the fruit's banishment from certain hotels and public transportation in southeast Asia.The durian,native to Brunei,Indonesia,and Malaysia,has been known to the western world for about 600 years.The British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace famously described its flesh as "a rich custard highly flavored with almonds " in the 19th century.The flesh can be consumed at various stages of ripeness,and is used to flavor a wide variety of savory and sweet edibles in southeast Asia cuisines.The seeds can also can be eaten when cooked,The name durian comes from the Malay word duri (thorn) with suffixan.There are 30 recognized Duria species,at least nine of which produce edible fruit.Duria zibetthinus is the only species available in the international market:oher species are sold in their local regions.There are hunderds od durian cultivates;most of them have a common name and a code number starting with "D".Many consumers express preferences fro specific cultivars,which fetch higher prices in the market.
The jakcfruit( Artocarpus heterophyllus)is a species of tree of the mulbeery family( Moraceae)native to parts of South and Southeast Asia.It is well suited to tropical lowlands.Its fruit is the largest tree borne fruit in the world,seldom less than about 25cm(1oin)in diameter.Even a relatively thin tree,around 10cm(4in)diameter,can bear large fruit.The fruits can be reach 36kg(80lbs)in weight and up to 90cm (36in)long and 50cm (20in) in diameter.The jackfruit is something of an acquired taste,but it is very popular inmany parts of the world.The sweet yellow sheaths aroudn the seeds are about 3-5mm thick and have a taste similar to thet of pineapple,but milder and less juicy.
The Mangosteen(Garcinia mangostana) is a tropical evergreen tree,believed to have originated in the Sunda Island and the Moluccas.The tree grows from 7 to 25m (20-8-ft)tall.The rind (exocarp) of the edible fruit is deep reddish purple when ripe.Botamnically an aril,the fragrant edible flesh can be described as sweet and tangy,sitrusy with peach flavor and texture.Mangosteen is closely related to other edible tropical fruits such as button mangosteen and lemondrop mangosteen.Botanicallly,it bears no relation with to the mango.
Banana is the common name for a fruit and also the herbaceous plants of the genus Muse which produce this commonly eaten fruit.They are native to then tropical region of Southeast Asia.Bananas ar likely to have been first domesticated inpapua New Guinea.Todah,they are cultivated throughout the tropics.
Banana plans are of the family Musaceae.They are cultivated primarily for their fruit,and to a lesser extent for the production of fibernand as ornamental plants.As the bananas are mainly tall,upriht,adn fairly sturdy,they are often mistaken for trees,when the truth is the main or upright stem is called a pseudostem,literally meaning"fake stem",whicj fro some species can obatain a height of up to 2-8m,with leaves of up to 3.5m in lenght.Each pseudostem can produce a bunch of yellow ,green,aor even red bananas before dying and being replace by another pseudostem.Bananas are grown in at least 107 countries.In popular culture and commerce,"banana"usually refers to soft,sweet"desert"bananas.The bananas from a group of cultivars with firmer,starchier fruit are called plantains.Banana may also be cut and dried and eaten as a type of chip.Dried bananas are also ground into banana flour.Although the wild species have fruits with numerous large,hard seeds,virtually all culinary bananas have seedless fruits.Bananas are classified either as dessert bananas( meaning ther are yellow and fully ripe when eaten)or as green cooking bananas.Almost all export bananas are the dessert types;however,only about 10-15% of all production is for expoert,with the United State and European Union being the dominant buyers.
Rice is very important aspect of Balinese life,dominating not only the country side with its luminous green terraced fields but also the relegion and culture of Bali.It is the major crop and also the main diet of the Balinese people.In the history of pre-mechanized agriculture few societies have ever achieved the high levels of productivity characterized by wet rice farming in Bali.It appears that four factors are central to their succes as rice farmers.
These include :
The fertility of the volcanic soil
A high complex techology and corresponding knowledge which allows the balinese to make maximal use of environmental systems and resourse.
An organizational system (subak) capable of co-coordinating use of man Power and resourse.
A genetic strains of rice selected over thousands of years for their diseases Resistance,productivity and beauty.
About The Rice
Rice cultivation has shaped the social landscape-the intricate organization necessary fro growing rice is a large factor in the strength of Bali's community life.Rice cultivation has also changed the environmental landscape-terraced rice fields trip down hillsides like steps for a giant,in the shade of gold,browm and green. There are four words for rice namely"
Padi is the growing rice plant (hence paddy fields )
Gabah is rice after harvesting
Beras is uncoooked grain
Nasi is cooked rice
As in nasi goreng( fried rice ) and nasi putih(plain rice).A rice fields is called sawah.The whole rice field has a farmer organization called "Subak"
The Subak as an organization of the farmers wet rice agriculture,especially as practiced in bali,is far too complex and requires too much regulations,particularly in coordinating use of irrigation systems,for one farmer to practice alone or even in conjunction with a few others.Consequently,a highly specialized farm of agricultural association has evolved over the centuries in Bali to coordinate the maximal usage of the environment for the growing of the wet rice.These irrigation cooperative,known as "Subak " are responsible fro the allocation of water resoureces and maintenance of irrigation networks,for coordinating planting,and for insuring that all religious rituals to insure good harvests are performed.
Subak organization areusually comprised of all individuals owning land irrigated by a singles dam and major canal
The Process of Growing the Rice.The water from a single subak dam may be divided into dozens and even hundreds of channels to irrigate to terraced sawah.In determining the many issues involved in wet rice cultivation ( when to plant,who is responsible fro cleaning and guarding canals,regulation water flew,etc)gropu votes are taken.Each subak members has one vote regardless of the size of his holding.Generally,all Subak leaders are elected by group decesion.Thus,for the entire peasant farmer's expertise in using his environment fro wet rice,withour the subak to coordinate activities its unlikely that the Sawah Sytem could ever reached its current level of pervasiveness efficiency and productivity.
Subak in bali doest not belong to the Banjar and has its own leader .The people who become the Subak members are not always the same people who become the Banjar members.The Subak members are the owners or the people who work on the rice field that getting the water irrigation from the dams regulated by a subak organization.Not all the subak members live in the same Banjar.On the hand,there could be a Banjar member who has many rice fields in different areas and get the water irrigation from the dams organized by several Subaks.Therefore this Banjar member will join himselfin all of the Subak where his rice fields are located.
Subak irrigation system beside as an appropriate technological system,but as a cultural system as well.This phenomenin indicate thar basically subak irrigation.
Planting of the Seeds
Bundles of the rice shoots over then brought from adjacent nurseries where the seed has been sproutd.Without the aid of strings or measuring devices each sedling is precisely placed next to its neighbors,neither too close nor too distant.
History of the Traditional Rice Field
Wet rice agriculture (Sawah )in the nexus of Balinese low-land economy.This is hardy a new development.Wet rice (Huma) is mentioned in teh earliest knowm old Balinese inscription (prasasti) dated 882AD.It seem quite likely that the origin of "sawah "cultibation on Bali dates back to the beginning of the first millennium or earlier.The development of the wet rice agriculture was fostered by the abundance of water and fertile oil,and this fertility of the land has long been evoked as an explanation for Bali proddigious fields.Still,even the most fertile fields would have been exhausted after hunderss of years of used bad it not been for the Balinese farmer's ability to prepare and replenish the nutrients of the soil.
Description of wet rice farming preparatin of the soil;
Traditional fertilizer relies primarily on ash decaying organic matters,and cow manure.Peasant families have traditionally own one or more cows fro fertilizer production.The preparation of the soil is crucial in traditional methods of wet rice agriculture.After each harvest unusable matter in teh fields in burnt to provive ash,after which the field are hoed.They are then flooded;cow manure is spread over the fields,after which they are ploughhed several times.The soil is tehn worked into a fine,smooth mud,being leveled by dragging a heavy wooden bar pulled by a cow or buffalo across teh fields.
The Growth Period
The fields are carefully weeded in teh first few weeks and throughout the growth of the crop the rice's water supply is carefully regulated according to the plant's needs.The plant are also periodically inspected for insects and other pests which,if found,are quickly dealt with .During the first momth or so of growth the fields.
As the rice begins to develop heads of grain the farmer construct elaborate systems toward of the bird.Scarecrows,bamboo poles,wind-driver noise makers,flag and streamers are used to this end.As the crop ripend the farmers guards their fields around the clock to protect them from birds during the day and field mice at night.
The crop is harvested with the help of friends,relatives or the harvetsing association known as "seka manyi".During the rice harvest a line if harvesters will work their way across the field cutting insures a minimal amount of loss during harvest.Once all the rice is cut it is gathered into bundles,which are then carried to the farmers rice barn where it can be kept in bundles for yeras without spoilage.The bundles can be removed,threshed and hulled as needed for family consumption,or sold in the market when cash or other goods are required.
The Process of Growing the Rice
The process of the rice growing starts with the bare,dry and harvested fields.The remaining rice stalks are burnt off and the field is then liberally soaked and repeatedly ploughed.Nowadays this may be done with a mechanical,petrol-power cultivated,but often they will still use two bullocks or cattle pulling a wooden plough.Once the field is reduced to the required muddy consistency,a small corner of the field is walled off and the seedling rice is planted there.The rice is grown to a reasonable size and lifted and replanted,shoot by shoot,in the large fields have to kept in a working order and the fields have to be weeded.
Bali is located only 8º (890 km) south of the equator. Thus, Balinese weather is tropical to say the least - reliably hot and sunny. Days are almost always 12 hours long. Around sunrise, 6:20 a.m, locals can be seen on the beach blessing the new day, playing with their families in the surf or harnessing their nets for a day of fishing. The sun then sets around 6:30 p.m when families generally retreat inside. The daytime temperature averages between 80º F (27ºC) to 90º F (32ºC) in the southern lowlands. In Bali however, it is quite humid at about 75% so often times it feels much hotter. The mountains tend to be significantly cooler at around 70º F (21ºC) to 80º F (27ºC). At night the mountains can get pretty chilly.
Bali’s tropical monsoon climate has two distinct seasons: dry (between May to September) and wet (between October to April). Monsoon refers to the wind, not the rain. However even in the wet monsoon, in this tropical paradise it is still likely it will be sunny for a good part of the day.
May, June and July are generally considered to be the best time to travel to Bali in terms of the weather. However, depending on whether the traveler is a surfer or explorer, preferences may change. During the dry season, May to October, the western side of the peninsula creates some of the world's best waves. The best advice is to check the estimated weather during time of travel and pack accordingly.
Dry season- May to September
The dry season, Bali’s version of summer, occurs between the months of May and September. It is the favoured half of the year for both locals and tourists alike boasting bright sunny days, lower humidity levels compared to the wet season and, of course, very little rain.
The dry season is an extremely popular time for people to explore Bali, particularly throughout July and August as this time coincides with the Australian winter and the school holiday season.
It’s the perfect time to explore the island by day and enjoy candlelight dinners on the beach by night.
Weather in Bali in May
May tends to be one of Bali’s cooler months, but for those that are visiting from anywhere that experiences a real winter, it will seem comfortably warm. The average temperature is 28ºC and while this may not seem drastically different from the rest of the year, you will find that locals and long-term expats talk of turning down the AC at night and having to put jackets on. Cut them some slack though, compared to the high humidity and intense heat of the wet season, May feels like a winter wonderland.
Weather in Bali in June
Humidity levels are at their lowest from June until October and so Bali experiences some of its lowest temperatures.
The month of June is host to the famous Bali Arts Festival. The month long celebration of Indonesian culture includes performances held at the Bali Art Centre in Denpasar as well as the Bali Kite festival and sees many people head to the island to experience its unique culture and festivities.
Things pick up in June as thousands of tourists scurry to the island for the start of the busiest holiday season of the year, the July-August period.
Weather in Bali in July
The weather in July in Bali continues to be relatively cool and comfortable, making it a very desirable time to jump on a plane and explore the island.
Skies are almost always blue and it is the perfect time to try your hand at water sports or to have an outdoor dinner by the beach.
Weather in Bali in August
August is Bali’s driest month and so rain is not something you will have to worry about. With a monthly average rainfall of 40 millilitres that occurs over roughly three days, August is the perfect month to maximise your outdoor time in Bali.
It will be hot during the day so don’t forget to lather on the sunscreen. Evenings in August and all throughout the dry season enjoy beautiful breezes, making it a lovely time to sit outside and enjoy a meal.
Weather in Bali in September
The weather in September in Bali is characterised by sunny picturesque days, great for sunbathing or doing a spot of holiday shopping and on average, sees highs of between 30ºC to 32ºC. With nine hours of sunshine per day, it is many people’s preferred time to visit Bali. If it does rain, it is usually very little (about 90 millilitres on average for the entire month) and occurs in the late afternoon or evening.
Perhaps Bali's most famous delicacy is Babi Guling or the roasted suckling pig. Babi guling is an all-time favorite, consisting of spit-roast pig stuffed with rich traditional spices and vegetable mixes such as cassava leaves, slowly ‘rolled’ (hence its name, guling means ‘to roll’) over a coal fire. The crisp brown skin is prized, while the meat is a tender and juicy treat. At first the dish was a communal treat cooked only during special festivities and ceremonies, but now babi guling can be found widely served at warungs and restaurants specializing in this succulent dish.
Ayam or Bebek Betutu
Betuitu is a distinct traditional Balinese technique of cooking chicken (Ayam Betutu) or duck (bebek Betutu). Traditionally cooked in a pit of embers for up to twenty-four hours, Ayam or Bebek Betutu is a roasted poultry that has been stuffed with spices and wrapped in banana leaves and coconut husks. This exceptional menu features a lavish smoky look of the duck or chicken, cooked to a “melty” softness and slathered inside and out with a pleasantly charred basa gede, lingering with hints of lemongrass, turmeric and ginger.
Brimming with extraordinary flavors and a rich history, Lawar is one of Bali's most significant dishes. Lawar is a chopped and blended mix of traditional spices, shrimp paste, kencur (galangal) and other roots, which are combined with grated coconut, green beans, boiled young jackfruit and occasionally singkong (cassava) leaves, adding a fresh twist to the hearty spice. Different meats are added to the dish.
What makes this dish rather unique is that traditionally it uses fresh blood of the meat in the dish. This gives it its signature red coloring. However, nowadays the vegetarian or the “white” Lawar (without blood) are becoming more popular, using strips of mango and juicy coconut.
A slight twist on what is generally known as Indonesian Satay or meat skewer, Sate Lilit is a uniquely Balinese dish. It is similar to a typical meat skewer, however, sate lilit uses minced or ground meat, fish or other seafood that is blended with basa gede and other traditional spices. The minced meat mixture is then molded around a wooden skewer or lemongrass stalk, and cooked atop a grill or open fire. Unlike the traditional Indonesian satay which is doused in rich peanut sauce, Sate Lilit is often served plain, letting the aromatic spices speak for themselves.